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Neutrinos from Hell: the Dawn of Neutrino Geophysics

Gratta.jpg Seismic waves have been for long time the only messenger reporting on the conditions deep inside the Earth.While global seismology provides amazing details about the structure of our planet, it is only sensitive to the mechanical properties of rocks and not to their chemical composition.In the last several years KamLAND and Borexino have started measuring anti-neutrinos produced by Uranium and Thorium inside the Earth. Such "Geoneutrinos" double the number of tools available to study the Earth's interior, enabling a sort of global chemical analysis of  the planet, albeit for two elements only. I will discuss the results of these new measurements and put them in the context of the Earth Sciences.