This is a graduate course on quantum optics. We will examine the physics of the quantum electromagnetic field, and its interactions with other quantum mechanical objects (resonators, circuits, atoms).

Instructor email: amar.vutha@utoronto


#8: Extended deadline for term papers: 5 pm on Apr 16. Please email them to me as PDF files.

#7: No class on March 22, Thursday. Homework #4 due on March 26.

#6: Reading week: No class during the week of Feb 19.

#5: Here is a simple Python program for plotting Q-functions on a sphere: You can also use the built-in functions in QuTip to do something similar.

#4: Reading assignment: Ekert & Knight, Entangled quantum systems and the Schmidt decomposition.

#3: Final term paper due date: Apr 9. In-class exam: Mar 15.

#2: Please note the change in the class times.

#1: The first lecture will be on January 4th.


Lectures: MP 1115. Monday & Thursday, 9.30-11 am.

Office hours: (by appointment) MP 1101. Monday, 2 pm.


A strong graduate level background in classical electromagnetism and quantum mechanics will be assumed. Recommended prerequisites are:
  • PHY 1485 (Laser Physics)
  • PHY 2203 (Quantum Optics I)
Contact the instructor if you are concerned about your background.


CC Gerry and PL Knight, Introductory Quantum Optics, Cambridge (2004).

You are also welcome to use Dan Steck's quantum optics notes.

We will occasionally refer to:
S Haroche, J-M Raimond, Exploring the Quantum: Atoms, Cavities, and Photons, Oxford (2013).

Lecture notes: shared notes for topics not covered in the textbooks.


  • Homework assignments (30%)
    • Due in class, 1 week after the assignment is handed out. Please type up your solutions, or write them very clearly.
  • In-class exam (30%)
  • Term paper (40%)
    • The term paper must be in two-column journal article format. Maximum length 6 pages.
    • Term paper topics should be picked and announced to me by Week 6.
    • I am looking for new insights in your term papers. You can develop a new way of understanding a topic, or provide a coherent synthesis of existing knowledge on a topic, or identify/solve an open problem in the field.