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Quantum Parallelized Variational Quantum Eigensolvers for Excited States

Calculating excited-state properties of molecules and solids is one of the main computational challenges of modern electronic structure theory. By combining and advancing recent ideas from quantum computing we propose a more effective variational quantum eigensolver based on quantum parallelism: Initial ansätze for various excited states are prepared into a single pure state through a minimal number of ancilla qubits. Then a global rotation in the targeted subspace is optimized. Our approach thus avoids the progressive accumulation of errors prone to schemes that calculate excited states successively. Energy gaps and transition amplitudes between eigenstates can immediately be extracted. Moreover, the use of variable auxiliary weights makes the algorithm more resilient to noise and greatly simplifies the optimization procedure. We showcase our algorithm and illustrate its effectiveness for different molecular systems. The interaction effects are treated through generalized unitary coupled cluster ansätze and, accordingly, the common unfavorable and artificial extension to the entire Fock space is circumvented.


[1] C. L. Benavides-Riveros et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 129, 066401 (2022).

[2] C.-L. Hong, L. Colmenarez, L. Ding, C. L. Benavides-Riveros, and C. Schilling, arXiv:2306.11844 (2023).

Host: Artur Izmaylov
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