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Dynamics and chemical variability of the mesosphere: Internal causes and the role of solar forcing

The mesosphere is a transition region between the lower and middle atmosphere mostly influenced by the global increase of greenhouse gases and the external environment of the Earth where the interaction with the Sun plays a dominant role. This a place where complex interactions between dynamics, radiation and photochemistry processes may occur. Due to its high sensitivity to the solar variability it may act as an amplifier in the Earth climate-Sun link. Some mechanisms of interaction between the solar variability and the mesosphere will be presented. The role of sudden stratospheric warming in the coupling between the lower and upper atmosphere will be shown as well as the impact of particle precipitation in the polar region.