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How to have fun with frustrated ferromagnets


The search for a true quantum "spin liquid" - a quantum magnet which remains disordered at the very lowest temperatures has been  central
to research on quantum magnets for more than three decades.  Following Anderson, most models of quantum spin liquids
proposed to date have been based on frustrated antiferromagnetic interactions. The resulting spin liquid states involve strong
singlet bonds between spins, which give rise to a gap in the spin excitation spectrum.

None the less, the best characterized experimental realization of  a quantum spin liquid is believed to occur in two-dimensional
films of solid He III, where the interactions between spins are predominantly ferromagnetic, and the resulting state is
gapless. This raises the interesting question of whether the breakdown of long ranged ferromagnetic order offers a
new route exotic magnetic ground states ?

In this talk I review experimental results on unconventional magnetic order in (quasi) two-dimensional spin systems with
predominantly ferromagnetic interactions, and present recent theoretical results for novel order parameters in related
models [1,2].

[1] Momoi et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 257204 (2006)
[2] Shannon et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 027213 (2006)