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Qubus Computation

We present here a new approach to scalable quantum computing—a ‘qubus computer’—which realizes qubit measurement and quantum gates through interacting qubits with a quantum communication bus mode. The qubits could be ‘static’ matter qubits or ‘flying’ optical qubits, but the scheme we focus on here is particularly suited to matter qubits.  There is no requirement for direct interaction between the qubits. Universal two-qubit quantum gates may be effected by schemes which involve measurement of the bus mode, or by schemes where the bus disentangles automatically and no measurement is needed. In effect, the approach integrates together qubit degrees of freedom for computation with quantum continuous variables for communication and interaction. As an application we describe a quantum repeater protocol for long-distance quantum communication.