Skip to Content

Higgs Gravitational Interaction, Weak Boson Scattering, and Higgs Inflation

We study gravitational interaction of Higgs boson through the unique dimension-4 operator
\xi H^{\dag}HR, with H the Higgs doublet and R the Ricci scalar curvature. We analyze the effect of this dimensionless nonminimal coupling \xi on weak gauge boson scattering, explicitly establish the longitudinal-Goldstone equivalence theorem with nonzero \xi coupling, and analyze the unitarity constraints. We study the \xi-induced weak boson scattering cross sections at O(1-30)TeV scales, and propose to probe the Higgs-gravity coupling via weak boson scattering experiments at the LHC(14TeV). We further extend our study to Higgs inflation, and quantitatively derive the perturbative unitarity bounds, under large field background at the inflation scale. We analyze the unitarity constraints on the parameter space in both the conventional Higgs inflation and the improved models in light of the recent BICEP2 data.