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Mantle Convection Models featuring Plate Tectonics

Arguably, the presence of continuous plate-tectonic-type surface motion is the primary feature a mantle convection model must possess in order to be considered Earth-like. From the early days of mantle dynamics modelling, research has been dedicated to understanding how mantle convection generates plate tectonics as well as how the plates and deep mantle interact. In broadest term, the two main approaches can be categorized as rheological modelling methods and methods utilizing evolving surface boundary conditions. This talk will briefly review the evolution of mantle convection models featuring plates and examines the progress that has been made in our understanding of the feedback between the mantle and plate tectonics through the use of both rheological and boundary conditions modelling models.